T-Series
T-Series

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Super Cassettes Industries Private Limited, doing business as T-Series, is an Indian music record label and film production company founded by Gulshan Kumar on July 11, 1983. It is primarily known for Bollywood music soundtracks and Indi-pop music. As of 2014, T-Series is India's largest music record label, with up to a 35% share of the Indian music market, followed by Sony Music India and Zee Music. T-Series also owns and operates the most-viewed and the most-subscribed YouTube channel, with 191 million subscribers and 162 billion total views as of August 22, 2021. While best known as a music label, T-Series has also had some moderate success as a film production company. Kumar, initially a fruit juice seller in Delhi, founded T-Series to sell pirated Bollywood songs before the company eventually began producing new music. Their breakthrough came with the soundtrack for the 1988 Bollywood blockbuster Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak, composed by Anand-Milind, written by Majrooh Sultanpuri, and starring Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla, which became one of the best-selling Indian music albums of the 1980s, with over 8 million sales. They eventually became a leading music label with the release of Aashiqui (1990), composed by Nadeem–Shravan, which sold 20 million copies and became the best-selling Indian soundtrack album of all time. However, Gulshan Kumar was murdered by the Mumbai mafia syndicate D-Company on August 12, 1997. Since then, T-Series has been led by his son Bhushan Kumar and younger brother Krishan Kumar. On YouTube, T-Series has a multi-channel network, with 30 channels (including Lahari Music) that have over 360.9 million subscribers as of June 14, 2021. The company's YouTube team consists of 13 people at the T-Series headquarters. The company's main T-Series channel on YouTube primarily shows music videos as well as film trailers. It became the most-viewed YouTube channel in January 2017. The T-Series channel primarily features content in the Hindi language, and occasionally several other languages including Urdu, Punjabi, English, Portuguese and Spanish. T-Series also have other channels dedicated to content in several Indian languages including Punjabi, Urdu, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Bhojpuri, Gujarati, Marathi and Rajasthani.

History

T-Series was founded on 11 July 1983 by Gulshan Kumar, at the time a fruit juice seller in the Daryaganj neighbourhood of Delhi. The company initially sold pirated Bollywood songs, prior to releasing original music. Back then, the Indian audio cassette market was small-scale, with widespread piracy, but there was growing demand for cassette music. According to Rediff, while Kumar "was involved in piracy, he was passionately market- and consumer-driven." The company also took advantage of loopholes in copyright law allowing for the release of cover versions of songs, which T-Series would then flood the market with. Researchers Lawrence Liang and Ravi Sundaram wrote: T-Series was a profoundly disruptive force in the Indian music market, in large part because it was a tremendously successful pirate. The company built its catalog through a variety of quasi-legal and illegal practices ... [T-Series] engaged in more straightforward copyright infringement in the form of pirate releases of popular hits, and it often illegally obtained film scores before the release of the film to ensure that its recordings were the first to hit the market. Kumar discovered that there was also a market for devotional music, and began recording and selling it. Kumar noticed that many elderly Hindu followers could not read hymns and chants because of failing eyesight, so Kumar hired singers to record the chants and sold them as cheap cassettes. Later, he filmed major Hindu pilgrimages in India and sold them on VHS and video cassette tapes.T-Series' first original film soundtrack release was for Lallu Ram in 1984, with music scored by Ravindra Jain. The company's breakthrough came when it released the soundtrack for the 1988 Bollywood blockbuster Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak (also known as QSQT), directed by Mansoor Khan and starring Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla. The Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak soundtrack, composed by Anand-Milind and written by Majrooh Sultanpuri, became the best-selling Indian soundtrack album of 1988 and one of the best-selling Indian soundtrack albums of the 1980s, with more than 8 million units sold. The biggest hit song from the album was "Papa Kehte Hain", sung by Udit Narayan and picturised on Aamir Khan. T-Series founder Gulshan Kumar soon played a key role in Bollywood's cassette boom of the late 1980s with his affordable T-Series albums.T-Series later became a leading music label with the release of Aashiqui (1990), directed by Mahesh Bhatt. The Aashiqui film soundtrack album, composed by the duo Nadeem–Shravan, sold 20 million units in India, and is the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack album of all time. A cover version of "Dheere Dheere" from Aashiqui was later sung by Yo Yo Honey Singh and released by T-Series in 2015. T-Series was largely responsible for sparking a boom for the Indian music industry in the early 1990s. Many of the best-selling Bollywood music albums of the 1990s, particularly those composed by Nadeem–Shravan, were released under the T-Series label. Besides music production, the company also began venturing into film production. The annual earnings of T-Series grew from ₹20 crore ($16 million) in 1985 to ₹200 crore ($88 million) in 1991, and by 1997 had reached ₹500 crore ($140 million).In 1997, T-Series founder Gulshan Kumar was murdered by the Mumbai mafia syndicate D-Company. His assassination also led to T-Series losing its most prolific musicians at the time, Nadeem–Shravan, due to Nadeem Akhtar Saifi initially being accused of involvement in the murder, before later being exonerated. After Gulshan Kumar's death in 1997, the company has since been led by his son Bhushan Kumar, with the help of Gulshan's younger brother Krishan Kumar. As a film production company, T-Series has had some moderate success. The highest-grossing T-Series film production to date is the critically acclaimed sleeper hit Hindi Medium (2017), written by Zeenat Lakhani, directed by Saket Chaudhary, and starring Irrfan Khan and Saba Qamar. It grossed ₹322.4 crore ($46 million) worldwide, with $34 million in China alone, becoming one of the top 20 highest-grossing Indian films of all time. One of the most expensive Indian films was T-Series's Saaho, a sci-fi thriller with a production budget of ₹300 crore (US$42 million), released in 2019. T-Series is also producing a biopic film based on the life of its founder Gulshan Kumar, called Mogul, which is currently under production and is scheduled for release in 2019.

2000s

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)Year Film Actors 2000 Papa The Great Krishan Kumar, Nagma 2001 Tum Bin Priyanshu Chatterjee, Himanshu Malik 2003 Aapko Pehle Bhi Kahin Dekha Hai Priyanshu Chatterjee, Sakshi Shivanand 2006 Humko Deewana Kar Gaye Akshay Kumar, Katrina Kaif, Bipasha Basu, Anil Kapoor 2007 Darling Fardeen Khan, Esha Deol 2007 Bhool Bhulaiyaa Akshay Kumar, Ameesha Patel, Vidya Balan, Shiney Ahuja 2008 Karzzzz Himesh Reshammiya, Urmila Matondkar, Dino Morea, Shweta Kumar, Danny Denzongpa, Rohini Hattangadi, Smita Bansal, Gulshan Grover, Bakhtiyaar Irani, Raj Babbar, Himani Shivpuri, Tareena Patel, Asrani, Sudhir Dalvi, Imran Hasnee, Shiva Rindani 2009 Radio: Love on Air Himesh Reshammiya, Sonal Sehgal, Shenaz Treasurywala, Zakir Hussain, Paresh Rawal, Megha Narkar, Urvashi Yadav, Himani Shivpuri, Megha Chatterji, Akhil Mishra

2010s

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)Year Film Actors Notes 2010 Aashayein John Abraham, Sonal Sehgal Co-production with Percept Picture Company 2010 Kajraare Himesh Reshammiya, Sara Loren, Amrita Singh, Natasha Sinha, Gaurav Chanana, Javed Shaikh, Gulshan Grover, Anupam Shyam, Adnan Shah 2011 Patiala House Akshay Kumar, Anushka Sharma Co-production with Hari Om Entertainment and Credence Motion Pictures 2011 Ready Salman Khan, Asin, Paresh Rawal Co-production with Sohail Khan Productions 2013 Nautanki Saala! Ayushmann Khurrana, Pooja Salvi, Kunaal Roy Kapur Co-production with R.S. Entertainment 2013 Aashiqui 2 Aditya Roy Kapur, Shraddha Kapoor Co-production with Vishesh Films 2014 Yaariyan Rakul Preet Singh 2014 Bhoothnath Returns Amitabh Bachchan, Boman Irani Co-production with B.R Films 2014 Hate Story 2 Surveen Chawla, Jay Bhanushali Co-production with Vikram Bhatt productions 2014 Creature 3D Bipasha Basu, Imran Abbas 2015 Baby Akshay Kumar, Rana Daggubati, Taapsee Pannu Co-production with Friday Filmworks, Cape of Good Films & Hari Om Entertainment 2015 Roy Arjun Rampal, Jacqueline Fernandez, Ranbir Kapoor 2015 Ek Paheli Leela Sunny Leone Co-production with Paper Doll Entertainment 2015 I Love NY Sunny Deol, Kangana Ranaut 2015 All Is Well Abhishek Bachchan, Asin, Rishi Kapoor alchemy productions 2015 Bhaag Johnny Kunal Khemu, Zoa Morani, Mandana Karimi Co-production with Vikram Bhatt productions 2015 Hate Story 3 Sharman Joshi, Karan Singh Grover, Zarine Khan, Daisy Shah Co-production with Vikram Bhatt productions 2016 Sanam Re Pulkit Samrat, Yami Gautam 2016 Airlift Akshay Kumar, Nimrat Kaur Co-production with Abundantia Entertainment, Cape of Good Films, Emmay Entertainment, Hari Om Entertainment 2016 Teraa Surroor Himesh Reshammiya, Farah Karimaee, Naseeruddin Shah, Shekhar Kapur, Monica Dogra, Kabir Bedi, Shernaz Patel, Abhishek Duhan, Suneel Dutt, Graham Mollory, Ann Marie O'Connor, Richard O'Leary, Warren Renwick, Maneesh Chandra Bhatt, Niraj Singh, Ravi Singh, Tereza, Naresh Suri Co-production with HR Musik Limited 2016 Sarbjit Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, Randeep Hooda Co-production with Pooja Entertainment, Legend Studios 2016 Raaz: Reboot Emraan Hashmi, Kriti Kharbanda Co-production with Vishesh Films 2016 Tum Bin 2 Neha Sharma, Aditya Seal, Aashim Gulati Co-production with Benaras Mediaworks 2016 Wajah Tum Ho Sana Khan, Sharman Joshi, Gurmeet Choudhary 2016 Junooniyat Pulkit Samrat, Yami Gautam 2017 Noor Sonakshi Sinha, Purab Kohli Co-production with Abundantia Entertainment 2017 Hindi Medium Irrfan Khan Co-production with Maddock Films 2017 FU: Friendship Unlimited Aakash Thosar, Satya Manjrekar Marathi film;Co-production with Cut2Cut Movies 2017 Raabta Sushant Singh Rajput, Kriti Sanon Co-production with Maddock Films 2017 Baadshaho Ajay Devgn, Emraan Hashmi, Ileana D'Cruz, Esha Gupta, Vidyut Jammwal Co-production with Vertex Motion Pictures 2017 Simran Kangana Ranaut Co-production with Karma Features, Adarsh Telemedia & Fortune Films (USA) 2017 Bhoomi Sanjay Dutt, Aditi Rao Hydari Co-production with Legend Studios 2017 Chef Saif Ali Khan Co-production with Abundantia Entertainment, Bandra West Pictures 2017 Star Gold Mumbai Special 6 3D: The Cycle Competition 3 At Wankhede Stadium And The Wonder Of Verma Once Again Akshay Kumar, Sunny Deol, Soha Ali Khan, Shivam Patil, Aanchal Munjal, Rishabh Arora, Narendra Jha, Diana Khan, Kaushal Kapoor, Varun Dhawan, Himansh Kohli, Ruhanika Dhawan, Hrithik Roshan, Sachin Khedekar Co Produced With Ajay Kapoor, Sunil Lulla and Produced By Reliance Entertainment, Viacom 18 Motion Pictures 2017 Tumhari Sulu Vidya Balan Co-production with Ellipsis Entertainment 2018 Sonu Ke Titu Ki Sweety Kartik Aaryan, Nushrat Bharucha, Sunny Singh Co-production with Luv Films 2018 The Grihapravesh Pooja At 25 March 2018 The Voice Of Bengaluru, Karnataka, India In My Family Co Production with Ajay Kapoor, Sunil Lulla And Produced By Dharmendra, Sunny Deol in Vijayta Films And Presented By Gulshan Kumar From Eros International 2018 Hate Story 4 Urvashi Rautela, Vivan Bhatena, Ihana Dhillon, Karan Wahi 2018 Raid Ajay Devgn, Ileana D'Cruz, Saurabh Shukla Co-production with Panorama Studios 2018 Blackmail Irrfan Khan, Kirti Kulhari Co-production with RDP Motion Pictures 2018 Fanney Khan Anil Kapoor, Aishwarya Rai, Rajkummar Rao Co-production with Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra Pictures, Anil Kapoor Films & Communication Network. 2018 Satyameva Jayate John Abraham, Manoj Bajpayee, Aisha Sharma, Amruta Khanvilkar Co-production with Emmay Entertainment 2018 Batti Gul Meter Chalu Shahid Kapoor, Shraddha Kapoor, Yami Gautam Co-production with Kriti Pictures 2019 Why Cheat India Emraan Hashmi, Shreya Dhanwanthary Co-production with Emraan Hashmi Films, Ellipsis Entertainment 2019 De De Pyaar De Ajay Devgn, Tabu, Jimmy Sheirgill, Rakul Preet Singh Co-production with Luv Films 2019 Bharat Salman Khan, Katrina Kaif, Disha Patani Co-Production with Salman Khan Films, Reel Life Productions 2019 Kabir Singh Shahid Kapoor, Kiara Advani Co-production with Cine1 Studios 2019 Malaal Meezaan Jaffery, Sharmin Segal Co-Production with Bhansali Productions 2019 Arjun Patiala Kriti Sanon, Diljit Dosanjh, Varun Sharma Co-Production with Maddock Films 2019 Khandaani Shafakhana Sonakshi Sinha, Badshah, Varun Sharma, Annu Kapoor Co-Production with Sundial Productions 2019 Batla House John Abraham, Mrunal Thakur Co-production with JA Entertainment, Emmay Entertainment 2019 Saaho Prabhas, Shraddha Kapoor Co-Production with UV Creations; Trilingual film (Hindi, Tamil, and Telugu) 2019 Section 375 Akshaye Khanna, Richa Chaddha, Rahul Bhat, Meera Chopra Co-production with Panorama Studios 2019 Daaka Gippy Grewal, Zarine Khan Co-production with Humble Motion Pictures.Punjabi Film 2019 Satellite Shankar Sooraj Pancholi, Megha Akash Co-Production with Cine1 Studios 2019 Marjaavaan Siddharth Malhotra, Ritesh Deshmukh, Rakul Preet Singh, Tara Sutaria Co-production with Emmay Entertainment 2019 Pagalpanti Anil Kapoor, John Abraham, Ileana D'Cruz, Arshad Warsi, Pulkit Samrat, Kriti Kharbanda, Urvashi Rautela, Saurabh Shukla Co-production with Panorama Studios 2019 Pati Patni Aur Woh Kartik Aaryan, Bhumi Pednekar, Ananya Panday Co-production with B.R. Studios

2020s

Key Denotes films that have not yet been released Year Film Actors Notes 2020 Tanhaji Ajay Devgn, Saif Ali Khan, Kajol, Sharad Kelkar Co-production with Ajay Devgn FFilms 2020 Jai Mummy Di Sunny Singh, Sonnalli Seygall, Supriya Pathak, Poonam Dhillon Co-Production with Luv Films 2020 Street Dancer 3D Varun Dhawan, Shraddha Kapoor, Prabhu Deva, Nora Fatehi Co-Production with Remo D'Souza Entertainment 2020 Malang Anil Kapoor, Aditya Roy Kapur, Disha Patani, Kunal Khemu Co-production with Luv Films and Northern Lights Entertainment 2020 Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhan Ayushmann Khurrana, Jitendra Kumar, Gajraj Rao, Neena Gupta Co-Production with Colour Yellow Productions 2020 Thappad Taapsee Pannu, Pavail Gulati Co-Production with Benaras Media Works 2020 Ludo Abhishek Bachchan, Rajkummar Rao, Fatima Sana Shaikh, Aditya Roy Kapur, Sanya Malhotra, Pankaj Tripathi, Rohit Suresh Saraf, Pearle Maaney, Inayat Verma. Co-Production with Anurag Basu Productions;Release on Netflix. 2020 Chhalaang Rajkummar Rao, Nushrat Bharucha Co-Production with Luv Films, Ajay Devgn FFilms;Release on Amazon Prime Video 2020 Durgamati Bhumi Pednekar, Arshad Warsi, Mahie Gill Co-Production with Abundantia Entertainment, Cape of Good Films;Release on Amazon Prime Video 2020 Indoo Ki Jawani Kiara Advani, Aditya Seal, Mallika Dua Co-Production with Emmay Entertainment, Electric Apples 2021 Madam Chief Minister Richa Chadda, Manav Kaul, Akshay Oberoi, Saurabh Shukla Co-Production with Kangra Talkies Production 2021 Tuesdays and Fridays Anmol Dhillon, Jhataleka Malhotra, Zoa Morani, Reem Sheikh, Parmeet Sethi Co-production with Bhansali Productions 2021 Mumbai Saga John Abraham, Emraan Hashmi, Jackie Shroff, Suniel Shetty, Prateik Babbar, Gulshan Grover, Rohit Roy, Amole Gupte Co-production with White Feather Films 2021 Saina Parineeti Chopra Co-Production with Front Foot Pictures 2021 Koi Jaane Na Kunal Kapoor, Amyra Dastur Co-Production with Amin Hajee Film Company 2021 Sardar Ka Grandson Arjun Kapoor, Rakul Preet Singh, Neena Gupta Co-Production with Emmay Entertainment and JA Entertainment;Released on Netflix 2021 Sherni Vidya Balan Co-production with Abundantia Entertainment;Released on Amazon Prime Video 2021 Haseen Dillruba Taapsee Pannu, Vikrant Massey, Harshvardhan Rane Co-production with Colour Yellow Productions and Eros International;Released on Netflix 2021 Bhuj: The Pride of India Ajay Devgn, Sanjay Dutt, Sonakshi Sinha, Nora Fatehi, Ammy Virk, Pranitha Subhash Co-Production with Ajay Devgn FFilms and Select Media Holdings LLP;Released on Disney+Hotstar 2021 Shiddat Radhika Madan, Sunny Kaushal, Mohit Raina, Diana Penty Co-Production with Maddock Films;Releasing on 1 October 2021 on Disney+Hotstar2021 Chhorii Nushrat Bharucha Co-Production with Crypt TV, Abundantia EntertainmentReleasing on November 2021 on Amazon Prime Video2021 Jhund Amitabh Bachchan Co-production with Tandav Films Entertainment Pvt.Ltd, Aatpat Films;Releasing on 18 June 20212021 Chandigarh Kare Aashiqui Ayushmann Khurrana, Vaani Kapoor Co-Production with Guy in the Sky Pictures;Releasing on 9 July 2021.2021 Radhe Shyam Prabhas, Pooja Hegde Co-Production with UV Creations; Bilingual film (Telugu and Hindi)Releasing on 30 July 2021.2021 Atrangi Re Akshay Kumar, Dhanush, Sara Ali Khan Co-Production with Colour Yellow Productions, Cape of Good Films;Released on 6 August 2021.2021 Anek Ayushmann Khurrana Co-Production with Benaras Mediaworks;Released on 17 September 2021.2021 Bhool Bhulaiyaa 2 Kartik Aaryan, Kiara Advani Co-Production with Cine1 Studios;Releasing on 19 November 2021.2021 Cirkus Ranveer Singh, Pooja Hegde, Jacqueline Fernandez Co-Production with Reliance Entertainment, Rohit Shetty Picturez;Releasing on 31 December 2021.2022 Ek Villain Returns John Abraham, Arjun Kapoor, Disha Patani, Tara Sutaria Co-Production with Balaji Motion Pictures;Released 11 February 2022.2022 Untitled film Ranbir Kapoor, Shraddha Kapoor Co-Production with Luv Films;Releasing on 25 December 2020.2022 Adipurush Prabhas, Saif Ali Khan Co-Production with Retrophiles Production; Bilingual film (Telugu and Hindi)Releasing on 11 August 2022.2022 Animal | Ranbir Kapoor, Bobby Deol, Anil Kapoor, Parineeti Chopra Co-Production with Bhadrakali Pictures Productions and Cine 1 Studios;Releasing on 5 October 2022TBA Satyameva Jayate 2 John Abraham, Divya Khosla Kumar Co-Production with Emmay EntertainmentTBA Ezra Emraan Hashmi TBA Dahi Cheeni R. Madhavan, Khushali Kumar TBA Thank God Ajay Devgn, Sidharth Malhotra and Rakul Preet Singh FilmingTBA Dedh Bigha Zameen Pratik Gandhi and Khushali Kumar Filming
Source: Wikipedia

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